Reports and documents

Title 2017 - The Swedish experience: Shrinking forests – Expanding tree plantations

There is a large difference between natural forest-ecosystems and industrial tree plantations. However, the widely-applied UN FAO definition of ‘forest’ does not distinguish clearly between these two similar-looking (both characterised by tree growth), but conflicting land uses. By classifying both natural forest-ecosystems and industrial-scale land cover conversions, with massive losses of natural habitat and biodiversity, can go unnoticed, regardless of region or country. Scandinavian countries have a long history of financial dependence on the timber industry, and are exceptionally prone to deteriorating forest ecosystems, with one having a particularly gloomy outlook – Sweden. Written by Amanda Tas, 9 pages.

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